here is another reply we got. Please note I just pasted it in as I received it.
"HLM wrote: "This now throws a different light on the produce, and will have
to remove at least temporarely the definition "Asil" All we know now is that
Sahara OA (c.1840) was imported to Jarczowce Stud, Poland in 1845 and that
Sahara Slepka (1845) foaled during transport.Question now comes, WHERE DID
SHE FOAL!And who was the sire."
All the information that has survived the past 260 years (!!) is readily
available from the Polish researchers and historians. Sahara (OA) is one
of the most famous mares ever imported to Poland, along with Mlecha (OA) and
Gazella (OA). Sahara was even painted by the famous artist, Juliusz Kossak.
Many of the purchases by the Count were known to have been made in Syria and
many have considerable detail available, for example, one stallion he
imported was: AZET OA, a most beautiful grey Jilfan Sittam al Bulad stallion
bred in the desert about 1840 by the Beni Sakhr tribe. His sire was
Saqlawi-Ubayran. He was imported from the desert to Jarczowce Stud by Count
Juliusz Dzieduszycki in 1845. (W. Kwiatkowski).
For some necessary historical background, the following is is taken from a
wonderful article about another great Polish breeder of Arabians, Count
Waclaw Rzewuski, published in the Saudi Aramco World magazine (worth
reading, it is available on the internet at this link:CLICK HERE!
"In 1843, another nobleman, Count Juliusz Dzieduszycki, inspired by the
poems and accounts of Rzewuski, assembled another elaborate expedition,
packing several thousand gold ducats into his saddlebags. Count
Dzieduszycki's father had been one of the few to obtain Arabian horses from
both Rzewuski and the Sanguszkos. The younger count had also made a lucky
purchase of a splendid Arabian stallion named Bagdad, which further inspired
his passion and moved him to follow in the footsteps of his father,
eventually becoming a renowned breeder. As Bagdad grew older, the count
searched for a replacement of equal quality, but none was to be found in the
region. So he unrolled the maps of the Middle East and marked places where
Arabian horses could likely be acquired. He sailed from Italy to Alexandria,
and from there headed to Cairo and eastward toward the Levant, bearing
letters introducing him as a nobleman from the same nation as the famous
Rzewuski. Like his predecessors, Dzieduszycki sought horses of the ultimate
quality and purity for breeding. Although the records he kept of his travels
are lost, it is known that he returned to his stud at Jarczowce after an
absence of two years, bringing seven stallions and, most importantly, three
mares: Gazella, Mlecha and Sahara."
Regarding the stallion Bagdad (OA) there is a lovely story associated with
this. (W. Kwiatkowski). "BAGDAD OA was a grey Szuejman (Shuweyman), bred in
1838 in the desert. He was purchased in Lwow by Count Juliusz Dzieduszycki
in 1840 from the Greek dealer Gliocco for 1,800 ducats with the addition of
his splendid coach-and-four and a silver-mounted whip. The price for a good
horse, even a breeding stallion, at that time was about 30 to 60 ducats."
So, taking into account all the above, this is the information known about
Sahara and her daughter, Sahara-Slepka (source: W. Kwiatkowski).
"SAHARA OA was a grey Kohejlan-Moradi foaled about 1840, acquired in the
desert by Count Juliusz Dzieduszycki and imported to Jarczowce in 1845.
Her daughter Sahara-Slepka was sired by a Seglavi Kebir and was foaled in
1845 during the journey from Arabia."
And this from Britta Fahlgren's The Arabian Horse Families of Poland: "In
1843, following the death of his father, Count Juliusz made a two-year
journey to Arabia and returned with seven stallions, including Kohejlan, Abu
Hejl and Abiat, and the three legendary mares Gazella, Mlecha and Sahara to
whom the Arabian horse owes such a tremendous debt throughout the world.
Two particular features of their Tables (M1, 2 and 3) deserve comment:
first that they do not depend for their continuance upon a single line of
descent as do so many other tables, but are instead multi-stemmed. The
number of their first-generation progeny to have successfully bred on at
Jarzowzce is remarkable when compared to other lines and most surely
indicate a rare judgement and instinct on the part of their breeder, Count
Juliusz. Second is of course their durability in tail female: these three
families actually account for no less than one third of all the entries on
the Female Tables. It is little wonder that they have always been so highly
prized by breeders everywhere. ...... All things considered, the ability of
Count Juliusz consistently to breed mares of this high quality for nearly
forty years represents an extraordinary achievement ..."
Please note regarding Mlecha - her strain was Kehaileh Dajania. Regarding
Gazella - her strain was Kehailet Ajuz. Of the stallions, Kohejlan and
Abiat were both Kohejlan Ajuz; Abu-Hejl was a flea-bitten grey Seglawi
Jedran with a black mane and tail, on his sire's side he was half-brother to
Batran-Aga. He was purchased by Count Juliusz in 1845 in the Syrian desert
about 15 miles from Damascus, imported to Jarczowce and sold by him to
Prince Roman Sanguszko the Elder in 1853.
"BATRAN-AGA OA was a grey Seglavi Dzedran, said to be half brother to
Abu-Hejl. Originally named Dzedran, he was renamed after his previous owner
Musselim Batran Aga. Musselim's wife obtained the horse from her beduin
family. He was purchased in Aleppo in 1844 by Prince Roman Sanguszko the
Elder himself and sent, together with a yearling colt El Szam, to Stamboul
to Glioccho, who was a Slawuta dealer at that time. It took Glioccho 2
years to transfer the horses to Slawuta, where they arrived in 1846".
So, most researchers concur that the likely origin of Sahara, along with
Gazella and Mlecha, was Syria, the destination of so many buying expeditions
As a footnote, one can only imagine what treasures we might have to this day
if any of Count Rzewuski's imported desert-bred Arabians (81 stallions and
33 mares purchased in 1818 and 1819) had survived and their descendants had
bred on - by the time of his death (or, in legend, disappearance) in 1831 at
the Battle of Daszow, the Count had over 80 Arabian broodmares from his